Tiber River, Rome, Italy

Tiber River, Rome, Italy

Tiber River, Rome, Italy

The Tiber (Latin Tiberis, Italian Tevere) is the third-longest river in Italy, rising in the Apennine Mountains in Emilia-Romagna and flowing 406 kilometres (252 mi) through Umbria and Lazio to the Tyrrhenian Sea.

During the 1930s, Benito Mussolini placed an antique marble Roman column at the point where the river arises, inscribed QUI NASCE IL FIUME SACRO AI DESTINI DI ROMA (“Here is born the river / sacred to the destinies of Rome”).

It is probable that the name Tiber is pre-Latin, like the Roman name of Tibur (modern Tivoli). It may be Etruscan or Italic in origin, possibly akin to the Celtic root-word dubr, “water”. The same root is believed to be the source of the Latin praenomen Tiberius, and its Etruscan cognate, Thefarie.

In addition to numerous modern bridges over the Tiber in Rome, there remain several ancient bridges (now mostly pedestrian-only) that have survived in part (e.g., the Milvian Bridge and the Ponte Sant’Angelo) or in whole (Fabricius’ Bridge).

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